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Thank you for visiting this site. If I can help you in any way on your quest to learn Bangla,
you can email me (sen.supriyo at gmail.com) or post your comments in the Comments section on each page.
Learn BanglaIn the Learn Bangla section of this website, I have put together a step-by step approach to learning Bangla for someone who knows English.
We know that a five-year-old child can speak in grammatically correct sentences in their “Mother Tongue.” They do not have a large vocabulary at that point, but manage to express themselves adequately. Linguists theorize that humans are born with a “language instinct” and they pick up the nuances of grammatical construction from their parents’ conversations.
The teaching method in this site emulates how a child would learn their “Mother Tongue”. A grammar framework is established early. Then vocabulary words are introduced within this framework. This approach appears to be different from most Bangla textbooks and the large variety of resources available on the Internet. I am confident that your learning will be easier and your comprehension will be deeper if you go through the lessons on this site.
An Online Curriculum for an Intensive 14-week Course to Learn Conversational BanglaThe Details of this course are at Online Course Lesson Plans.
- Bangla words can be broken down into syllables. When we pronounce a word, we are speaking out the syllables in order. In standard Bengali, the primary stress falls on the initial syllable of the word, while secondary stress often falls on all odd-numbered syllables.
Pronunciation Guide — Pronunciation Guide breaks down the Bangla words into syllable-marked Phonetic English. You will find it much easier to determine which syllables require stress when pronouncing these words.
Borno Porichoy by Vidyasagar
Borno Porichoy is a short 2 volume book written by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar in 1885. It is extensively used to teach Bengali children how to recognize the letters of the alphabet and provides a vocabulary based on the alphabet forms. Unfortunately, it teaches Bangla using Bangla and therefore requires a teacher’s guiding hand. I have taken the content of this excellent book and annotated it in English to make it suitable for self study.
Borno Porichoy — Learn Bangla » Borno Porichoy by Vidyasagar
Borno Porichoy Part 1 – Words without conjugated letters
Vowels অ আ ই ঈ Consonants ক খ গ ; Numbers ১ ২ ৩ ৪ ; Words using Consonants and Vowels; a-kar া, i-kar ি, I-kar ী, u-kar ু, U-kar ূ, rri-kar ৃ, e-kar ে, OI-kar ৈ, O-kar ো, OU-kar ৌ, Words with Consonants, Vowels and -kars; Special Consonants ং ঃ ৎ; Special -kar forms গু রু শু হু রূ হৃ ;
Borno Porichoy Part 2 – Words with Consonant Conjugations
J-Phola য, r-Phola র, l-Phola ল, b-Phola ব, N-Phola ণ, n-Phola ন, m-Phola ম, reph র, Double Letter Consonant Conjugations; Triple Letter Consonant Conjugations
Sohoj Path by Rabindranath TagoreTagore wrote this book for children learning Bangla. It consists of a illustrated review of the letters of the Bangla Alphabet, and 10 chapters of Bangla sentences that will help you acquire a basic vocabulary and get insights into grammatical structure. It is a very useful book for practicing your Bangla pronunciation as you read the sentences.
In the version presented here, an English translation and English Phonetic representation is shown, which will aid your understanding and make the text readable even if you are not completely familiar with the Bangla Alphabet. The first few chapters include sound recordings by Andrea Mandal, an American who has been learning the Bangla Language.
Write BanglaIn the Write Bangla section of this website I want to help you learn Bangla as you write Bangla using a Phonetic method. If you are already familiar with entering Bangla letters, may understand how a phonetic input method makes it easier for new learners to write Bangla using an English Keyboard.
While there are many phonetic schemes available today, I have developed the suborNo method specifically for this site and the learning environment it tries to address. It is as close as possible to the way Bangla words are actually pronounced. It has a few differences with what is used by AVRO Keyboard, especially the use of ‘ch’ for ‘চ’ and ‘chh’ for ‘ছ’. Most new learners will just accept the transliteration method, but if you are interested in the history and logic behind suborNo, you will find it at About » The suborNo Phonetic Transliteration Scheme. Using this method, the software will automatically perform complex operations like Vowel Diacritics (-kars) and Compound Consonants (juktakkhor).
When you write Bangla, you will begin to see some anomalies. For example, two of the Vowels have a short and long form when written, but they are pronounced in the same way in conversational Bangla. A few consonants have two or three different letters designated for the same sound. So the spelling of a word may look anomalous compared to how you would pronounce it. This is an artifact of Bangla’s Sanskrit roots, from more than a thousand years ago. The suborNo method addresses spelling by assigning ‘n’ and ‘N’ for the two naw sound, for example.
Learners also need to lookup English words to find their Bangla equivalents. While a limited Word glossary is useful, access to a good Bangla-English Dictionary provides a much richer learning experience, especially of you get deeper into how a word is used.
Finally, if you come across a large amount to Bangla text (for example, all of the works of Rabindranath Tagore are now available online), you need to be able to do a reverse transliteration and get the Phonetic English.
Write Phonetic Bangla with Spelling Aid, Word Finder, Dictionary and two-way TransliterationThe Write Phonetic Bangla page, Write Bangla » Write Phonetic Bangla, combines all the necessary tools and accessories for writing Bangla easily. The Write Bangla page has internal windows that can be optionally opened to access a function. This ensures that you do not have to leave the page to perform a common action. Here is what you will find on the page.
- A main window Write Bangla with Spelling Assistant
- A yellow box where you put in Phonetic English. You can change the English and you will see the change immediately in Bangla
- A blue box where the Bangla is rendered.
- A Spelling Aid white box on the right, where you are shown likely matches for Bangla spelling from a 12,000+ word dictionary. As you enter Phonetic English, the possible match list is constantly updated. If a match is found, the word is highlighted in green if an exact spelling match, or in yellow if one or more letters need to be modified.
- A minimized window (opened by clicking on the “Show” button) English-Bangla Word Finder will let you search the built-in dictionary for an English or Bangla word.
- A minimized window Samsad Bangla-English Dictionary will let you easily search the Samsad Bangla-English dictionary hosted by the Digital South-East Asia Library at the University of Chicago. You can search this library for English or Bangla words (the Bangla is created using the same phonetic method as in Write Bangla).
- A minimized window Transliteration Workpad EN« »BN lets you go back and forth between Bangla and Phonetic English.
Sometimes you will come across a letter formation (usually with Compound Consonants) that you just do not recognize. For example, the two words রক্ষা and উদ্ধার. In this case we want to go BN to EN – paste the Bangla words into the blue box on the right. Press the Convert BN to EN. The converted text will show up in the left box and will show the two words rokSha and uddhar. You will be able to deduce that the unfamiliar character in rokSha is the compound consonant k+Sh ক + ষ and the unfamiliar character in uddhar is the compound consonant d+dh দ + ধ.
You will find this tool particularly useful if you want to look at long pieces of text (Bangla Unicode or Phonetic English) like a poem or short story.
Verb Conjugation WizardAs you learn about Verbs and conjugated Verb forms, you may be overwhelmed by how many new words you have to memorize. Verbs in Bangla change forms (are conjugated) based on Person (First, Second and Third) and Tense (Past, Present and Future). There are rules that govern the conjugation. This “Wizard” is designed to show you the patterns and examples of the conjugation rules. You can select any of about 100 common verbs and see a compact table showing you all 24 conjugations of each verb. An example of a complete sentence is shown for each conjugated form.
The Verb Conjugation Wizard Write Bangla » Verb Conjugation Wizard currently conjugates 100+ Bangla Verbs. It may be the only such wizard available anywhere.
Sentence Construction WizardOnce you have a good understanding of Verbs and their conjugations, you will want to create complete grammatical sentences. In the Learn Bangla section, we have covered the rules for using various Parts of Speech like Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Determiners. The Sentence Construction “Wizard” leads you step by step through constructing grammatically correct Bangla Sentences.
Write Bangla » Sentence Construction Wizard make make grammatically correct sentences from a limited vocabulary of words. This may be an unique functionality that I have not come across in books or websites to-date.
Translating English to BanglaFinally, you may be interested in translating a sentence in English to Bangla. Google Translate is popular but rather inadequate in many cases. A simplified user interface to Google Translate is at Write Bangla » Google EN-BN Translate.
I would recommend an experimental English to Bengali machine translator developed by Golam Mortuza Hossain, based on linguistic principles. You can find it at Write Bangla » Anubadok Bangla Translator. The Translator works very well for “simple” English sentences where there is a Subject, a Verb and an Object.
Learning Conversational BanglaA guide to learning Conversational Bangla.
- Learn the Bangla Alphabet — the Bangla alphabet and their phonetic English representation using সুবর্ণ suborNo Bangla Phonetic method
- Introduction to Conversational Bangla — a grammar based approach to conversational Bangla for casual non-native learners who have a knowledge of English. 400+ word vocabulary and 12 rules of grammatical sentence construction
- English Annotated Borno Porichoy by Vidyasagar — is a Bangla-English version of the classic two part book, originally published in 1855
- English Annotated sohoj paTh by Rabindranath Tagore — is a Bangla-English version of sohoj paTh written for children by Tagore
Vocabulary – Glossary of Words in English and BanglaLearn Bangla Words, understand spelling rules, pronounce the words with the Phonetic English transliteration
- Words introduced in Introduction to Conversational Bangla — the complete set of words in Introduction to Conversational Bangla
- Words introduced in Borno Porichoy — the complete set of words in Borno Porichoy
- Pronunciation Guide — breaks down Bangla words into syllable-marked Phonetic English. In standard Bangla, the primary stress falls on the initial syllable of the word, while secondary stress often falls on all odd-numbered syllables. This guide will help you correctly pronounce Bangla words.
Quizzes to Help Retention and Validate LearningRepetition and recall aid understanding of the new words you learn.
- Quizzes for Bangla Vowels, Consonants and More.. — A set of Drag and Drop quizzes designed to test your retention of the Bangla Alphabets – Vowels, Vowel Diacritics, Consonants and Compound Consonants
- Quizzes for Introduction to Basic Conversational Bangla — A set of Drag and Drop quizzes designed to test your retention of Words introduced in Introduction to Conversational Bangla
Bangla Grammar WizardsWith a basic vocabulary, Bangla learners want to start building their own sentences. Bangla verbs have 24 conjugated forms based on Person and Tense. The first Wizard lays out these conjugated forms and builds a sample sentence to check their usage. The second Wizard leads you, step by step, to create a grammatically correct Bangla Sentence.
- Verb Conjugation Wizard — Verbs in Bangla change forms (are conjugated) based on Person (First, Second and Third) and Tense (Past, Present and Future). There are rules that govern the conjugation. This “Wizard” is designed to show you the patterns and examples of the conjugation rules. You can select any of about 100 common verbs and see a compact table showing you all 24 conjugations of each verb. An example of a complete sentence is shown for each conjugated form
- Sentence Construction Wizard — In the Learn Bangla section, we have covered the rules for using various Parts of Speech like Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Determiners. The Sentence Construction “Wizard” leads you step by step through constructing grammatically correct Bangla Sentences
Writing BanglaWriting in Bangla on a PC or Mac used to require a user to memorize a keyboard layout for Bangla letters. With Phonetic English and a set of Bangla Unicode fonts, even a casual user can easily write Bangla characters. Bangla Vowels, Vowel Diacritics (called -kars), Consonants and Compound consonants (called Juktakkhor) need to be easily rendered.
Google can let you write Bangla using Phonetic English, but the Transliteration scheme is not published. Also, the Phonetic English is not saved, so novice learners do not see the direct correlation between the Phonetic English and rendered Bangla.
The Phonetic Bangla Typing on this website is for learners who want to see the Bangla rendered as they enter each English Phonetic letter. The Bangla writing page also provides a Spelling Assistant, a Word Finder, access to the Bangla-English Online Samsad Dictionary and a set of Tools to go from English Phonetic to Bangla and vice-versa.
- Phonetic Bangla Writing — Write Bangla using the Phonetic English pronunciation, using সুবর্ণ suborNo Bangla Phonetic method. Includes a Bangla Spelling Wizard to guide you through Bangla spelling; access to Samsad Dictionary; Transliteration Workpad and Phonetic Bangla Help
- Transliterate Documents — Convert complete documents from Bangla to Phonetic English and vice-versa
- Google Bangla Transliterate — Try out the Google Bangla Transliteration software
Writing AidsCorrect spelling and accurate word meanings are essential as you start expanding your knowledge of Bangla. These tools are the stand-alone versions of what you will find in the Write Phonetic Bangla section
- Bangla Word Finder — Quickly check spelling against a 16,000+ word English-Bangla glossary
- Bangla Samsad Dictionary — Check the Samsad Bangla-English Dictionary for English or Bangla words
Translation – English to BanglaGoogle Translate is available in Bangla, however the quality of translation is quite uneven. The Anubadok Bangla Translator is usually more accurate. The webpage was designed to provide a complete translation workflow, to allow the user to tune the machine translation for their own use.
- Anubadok Bangla Translator — Anubadok, an experimental machine English to Bangla translator, developed by Golam Mortuzza Hossain
- Google English to Bangla Translator — Translate English to Bangla using Google Translate
Blog PostsBlog Posts related to the contents of this site — Blog Posts
Bangla Internet ResourcesAs you learn Bangla, you want to be exposed to multimedia content to enhance your learning of the language.
- My Bangla Samples — Some English and Bangla text, audio and video from my collection
- Read Bangla — Links to read Bangla -Tagore Online, Newspapers, Magazines Bangla Cooking Blogs
- Bangla Radio/TV — Links to listen to Bangla Radio and TV like BBC Bangla and Voice of America Bangla
- See Bangla — Links to see Bangla videos
- Bengal, Bengalis, Bangla — Links to background materials from Wikipedia
- Is Your PC/Mac Bangla Compliant? — More information about your computer’s ability to write in Bangla script
- The suborNo Phonetic Transliteration Method — How the suborNo English Phonetic to Bangla Transliteration method was – providing phonetic fidelity and ease of use on an English keyboard
- About Me — Some background information about myself