The Bangla alphabet has 39 consonants (called "byanjonborno") (eg স or "s"). They are usually shown in the order below.
The pronunciation of the consonants is different than English. Most letters have a non-aspirated and an aspirated form. The non-aspirated and aspirated letters are:
There are a number of sounds that are similar, but for historical reasons, have separate letters assigned to then.
When two consonant sounds, like ন/"n" and ত/"t" are used together, the compound letter looks like ন্ত and is called a "juktakkhor" or compound letters. This will be discussed in a later section.
|ণ||N||Letter Moddhonno Naw|
|ন||n||Letter Dontey naw|
|শ||sh||Letter Taliba shaw|
|ষ||Sh||Letter Moddhono shaw|
|স||s||Letter Dontey shaw|
|য়||Y||Letter Ontesto yaw|
|ড়||R||Letter Doye Sunnyo raw|
|ঢ়||Rh||Letter Dhoye Sunnyo raw|
|তঁ||t+n^||Sign Chandrabindu (combined with taw)|
|তং||t+ng||Sign Anuswar (combined with taw)|
|তঃ||t+H^||Sign Visarga (combined with taw)|
|ৎ||t+t^||Letter Khanda taw|
|ত্||t+`||Sign Hasanta (combined with taw)|