Vowel and Vowel Signs

When a Vowel sound follows a consonant, the Vowel is represented by a Vowel Sign rather than the original Vowel.

A vowel sound is sometimes used to modify a consonant. For example, the sound may be modified by , to sound like "su". In this case, a diacritic form of the "u" letter is used to form সু. Modified vowels are called "-Kars".

The vowel is always used in its original form at the beginning of a word. The diacritic or -kar form is only used to modify the sound of a consonant. Let us consider the Bangla word for "I" which is আমি(ami). The "a" sound is followed by the "m" sound which is modified by the "i" sound . The diacritic for the "i" sound is ি which is actually put on the left of the consonant it modifies. So the word ami would look not like আ ম ই but like আ মি / আমি.

Diacritics (or -kars) go to the left, right, above or below the consonant it modifies. The following table shows the vowel sign and its position related to the consonant it modifies. For this example, I have selected the consonant .

VowelVowel
Sign
Position of
Vowel Sign
Result with
Consonant ক
afterকা
িbefore & aboveকি
after and aboveকী
belowকু
belowকূ
belowকৃ
beforeকে
before and aboveকৈ
before and afterকো
before, after and aboveকৌ

Four consonants are changed when a vowel sign u is attached. They are:
গ + ু = গু
র + ু = রু
শ + ু = শু
হ + ু = হু

Consonants with Vowel Diacritics

Mouseover to magnify consonants with diacritics 
+
অ 
 
+
আ 
া 
+
ই 
ি 
+
ঈ 
ী 
+
উ 
ু 
+
ঊ 
ূ 
+
ঋ 
ৃ 
+
এ 
ে 
+
ঐ 
ৈ 
+
ও 
ো 
+
ঔ 
ৌ 
 ক কাকিকীকুকূকৃকেকৈকোকৌ
 খ খাখিখীখুখূখৃখেখৈখোখৌ
 গ গাগিগীগুগূগৃগেগৈগোগৌ
 ঘ ঘাঘিঘীঘুঘূঘৃঘেঘৈঘোঘৌ
 ঙ ঙাঙিঙীঙুঙূঙৃঙেঙৈঙোঙৌ
 চ চাচিচীচুচূচৃচেচৈচোচৌ
 ছ ছাছিছীছুছূছৃছেছৈছোছৌ
 জ জাজিজীজুজূজৃজেজৈজোজৌ
 ঝ ঝাঝিঝীঝুঝূঝৃঝেঝৈঝোঝৌ
 ঞ ঞাঞিঞীঞুঞূঞৃঞেঞৈঞোঞৌ
 ট টাটিটীটুটূটৃটেটৈটোটৌ
 ঠ ঠাঠিঠীঠুঠূঠৃঠেঠৈঠোঠৌ
 ড ডাডিডীডুডূডৃডেডৈডোডৌ
 ঢ ঢাঢিঢীঢুঢূঢৃঢেঢৈঢোঢৌ
 ণ ণাণিণীণুণূণৃণেণৈণোণৌ
 ত তাতিতীতুতূতৃতেতৈতোতৌ
 থ থাথিথীথুথূথৃথেথৈথোথৌ
 দ দাদিদীদুদূদৃদেদৈদোদৌ
 ধ ধাধিধীধুধূধৃধেধৈধোধৌ
 ন নানিনীনুনূনৃনেনৈনোনৌ
 প পাপিপীপুপূপৃপেপৈপোপৌ
 ফ ফাফিফীফুফূফৃফেফৈফোফৌ
 ব বাবিবীবুবূবৃবেবৈবোবৌ
 ভ ভাভিভীভুভূভৃভেভৈভোভৌ
 ম মামিমীমুমূমৃমেমৈমোমৌ
 য যাযিযীযুযূযৃযেযৈযোযৌ
 র রারিরীরুরূরৃরেরৈরোরৌ
 ল লালিলীলুলূলৃলেলৈলোলৌ
 শ শাশিশীশুশূশৃশেশৈশোশৌ
 ষ ষাষিষীষুষূষৃষেষৈষোষৌ
 স সাসিসীসুসূসৃসেসৈসোসৌ
 হ হাহিহীহুহূহৃহেহৈহোহৌ
 ড় ড়াড়িড়ীড়ুড়ূড়ৃড়েড়ৈড়োড়ৌ
 ঢ় ঢ়াঢ়িঢ়ীঢ়ুঢ়ূঢ়ৃঢ়েঢ়ৈঢ়োঢ়ৌ
 য় য়ায়িয়ীয়ুয়ূয়ৃয়েয়ৈয়োয়ৌ