More Nouns - Names of Person, Place or Thing

Noun -a word (other than a Pronoun) used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things (common noun), or to name a particular one of these (proper noun)   table, dog, teacher, Canada

Since Nouns are required in both Subject Phrases and Object Phrases, acquiring an extensive Vocabulary for Nouns becomes very important.

These Nouns are grouped by category for you to remember them in context.

Nouns-Entities

EnglishBangla
 thing  জিনিস 
jinis 
 person  মানুষ 
manuSh 
 man  লোক 
lOk 
 woman  নারী 
narI 
 boy  ছেলে 
chhele 
 girl  মেয়ে 
meye 
 child  বাচ্চা 
bachcha 
 infant  শিশু 
shishu 
 group  দল 
dol 
 public  জনগণ 
jonogoN 


Nouns-Parts of the Body

EnglishBangla
 body  শরীর 
shorIr 
 skin  চামড়া 
chamoRa 
 head  মাথা 
matha 
 throat  গলা 
gola 
 neck  ঘাঢ় 
ghaRh 
 hair  চুল 
chul 
 forehead  কপাল 
kopal 
 eye  চোখ 
chOkh 
 eyebrow  ভুরু 
bhuru 
 ear  কান 
kan 
 nose  নাক 
nak 
 face  মুখ 
mukh 
 mouth  মুখ 
mukh 
 lip  ঠোঁট 
ThOn^T 
 tongue  জিব 
jib 
 tooth  দাঁত 
dan^t 
 cheek  গাল 
gal 
 chest  বুক 
buk 
 belly  পেট 
peT 
 navel  নাভি 
nabhi 
 waist  কোমর 
kOmor 
 back  পিঠ 
piTh 
 hand  হাত 
hat 
 leg  পা 
pa 
 finger  আঙুল 
aNgul 
 nail  নখ 
nokh 


Nouns-Time

EnglishBangla
 time  সময় 
somoy 
 year  বছর 
bochhor 
 month  মাস 
mas 
 week  সপ্তাহ 
soptaho 
 day  দিন 
din 
 hour  ঘন্টা 
ghonTa 
 today  আজ 
aj 
 tomorrow  আগামিকাল 
agamikal 
 yesterday  গতকাল 
gotokal 
 morning  সকাল 
sokal 
 noon  দুপুর 
dupur 
 afternoon  বিকাল 
bikal 
 evening  সন্ধ্যা 
sondhYa 
 night  রাত্রি 
ratri 


Nouns-Nature

EnglishBangla
 way  পথ 
poth 
 road  রাস্তা 
rasta 
 world  পৃথিবী 
prrithibI 
 life  জীবন 
jIbon 
 part  অংশ 
ongsho 
 sun  সূর্য 
sUrJo 
 moon  চাঁদ 
chan^d 
 star  তারকা 
taroka 
 earth  পৃথিবী 
prrithibI 
 land  জমি 
jomi 
 ocean  সাগর 
sagor 
 north  উত্তর দিক 
uttor dik 
 south  দক্ষিণ দিক 
dokShiN dik 
 east  পূর্ব দিক 
pUrbo dik 
 west  পশ্চিম দিক 
poshchim dik 
 colors  রং 
rong 


Nouns-Common Animals

EnglishBangla
 cat  বিড়াল 
biRal 
 dog  কুকুর 
kukur 
 cow  গরু 
goru 
 calf  বাছুর 
bachhur 
 buffalo  মোষ 
mOSh 
 goat  ছাগল 
chhagol 
 sheep  ভেড়া 
bheRa 
 horse  ঘোড়া 
ghORa 
 camel  উট 
uT 
 monkey  বাঁদর 
ban^dor 
 deer  হরিণ 
horiN 
 jackal  শিয়াল 
shiyal 
 bear  ভাল্লুক 
bhalluk 
 crocodile  কুমির 
kumir 
 lion  সিংহ 
singho 
 tiger  বাঘ 
bagh 


Nouns-Common Birds

EnglishBangla
 egg  ডিম 
Dim 
 chicken  মুরগি 
murogi 
 cock  মোরগ 
mOrog 
 duck  হাঁস 
han^s 
 crow  কাক 
kak 
 owl  প্যাঁচা 
pYan^cha 
 peacock  ময়ূর 
moyUr 
 cuckoo  কোকিল 
kOkil 
 heron  বক 
bok 
 eagle  ঈগল 
Igol 
 kite  চিল 
chil 


Nouns-Common Vegetables

EnglishBangla
 potato  আলু 
alu 
 onion  পেঁয়াজ 
pen^yaj 
 cauliflower  ফুলকপি 
phulokopi 
 cabbage  বাঁধাকপি 
ban^dhakopi 
 carrot  গাজর 
gajor 
 eggplant  বেগুন 
begun 


Nouns-Common Fruits

EnglishBangla
 mango  আম 
am 
 orange  কমলা লেবু 
komola lebu 
 apple  আপেল 
apel 
 grape  আঙুর 
aNgur 
 pineapple  আনারস 
anaros 
 jackfruit  কাঁঠাল 
kan^Thal 
 banana  কলা 
kola 
 guava  পেয়ারা 
peyara 


Nouns-Miscellaneous

EnglishBangla
 cloud  মেঘ 
megh 
 ink  কালি 
kali 
 blood  রক্ত 
rokto 
 sky  আকাশ 
akash 
 grass  ঘাস 
ghas 
 hat  টুপি 
Tupi 
 rose  গোলাপ 
gOlap 
 shoes  জুতো 
jutO 
 house  বাড়ি 
baRi 
 home  বাড়ি 
baRi 
 pictures  ছবি 
chhobi 
 rice  ভাত 
bhat 
 sari  শাড়ি 
shaRi 


Nouns-Numbers

EnglishBangla
 zero 0  শূন্য ০ 
shUnYo 0 
 one 1  এক ১ 
ek 1 
 two 2  দুই ২ 
dui 2 
 three 3  তিন ৩ 
tin 3 
 four 4  চার ৪ 
char 4 
 five 5  পাঁচ ৫ 
pan^ch 5 
 six 6  ছয় ৬ 
chhoy 6 
 seven 7  সাত ৭ 
sat 7 
 eight 8  আট ৮ 
aT 8 
 nine 9  নয় ৯ 
noy 9 
 ten 10  দশ ১০ 
dosh 10 


Numbers-Measure Words

When you refer to a number of objects, the number is used as a measure word (MW). For example, you may want to say "nine cows". The "nine" is used as a measure word. Here is an example:
English Nine cows
Literal English Nine-MW cow
Bangla নয়টা গরু
noyoTa goru

There is a special case of MW when you refer to "many". In this case, the suffix of -গুলো (-gulO) is used. If you are referring to people, the suffix -জন (-jon) is used. "Many people" will become অনেকজন লোক (onekojon lok).

Enumerating Nouns

EnglishBangla
 MW-1 one  একটা 
ekoTa 
 MW-2 two  দুইটা 
duiTa 
 MW-3 three  তিনটা 
tinoTa 
 MW-4 four  চারটা 
charoTa 
 MW-5 five  পাঁচটা 
pan^choTa 
 MW-6 six  ছয়টা 
chhoyoTa 
 MW-7 seven  সাতটা 
satoTa 
 MW-8 eight  আটটা 
aToTa 
 MW-9 nine  নয়টা 
noyoTa 
 MW-10 ten  দশটা 
doshoTa 
 MW-many (objects)  -গুলো 
-gulO 
 MW-many (people)  -জন 
-jon 


Enumerating Nouns

EnglishBangla
 I have one head.  আমার একটা মাথা আছে।
  amar ekoTa matha achhe. 
 I have two eyes.  আমার দুইটা চোখ আছে।
  amar duiTa chOkh achhe. 
 I want to see three cars.  আমি তিনটা গাড়ি দেখব।
  ami tinoTa gaRi dekhobo. 
 There are four houses on my street.  আমার রাস্তায়ে চারটা বাড়ি আছে।
  amar rastaye charoTa baRi achhe. 
 I have five fingers in each hand.  আমার একটি হাতে পাঁচটা আঙুল আছে।
  amar ekoTi hate pan^choTa aNgul achhe. 
 I am seeing you after six months.  আমি ছয়েটা মাসের পরে তোমাকে দেখছি।
  ami chhoyeTa maser pore tOmake dekhochhi. 
 There are seven days in a week.  একটি সপ্তাহে সাতটা দিন আছে।
  ekoTi soptahe satoTa din achhe. 
 I have bought eight saris for my friends.  আমি আমার বন্ধুদের জন্য আটটা শাড়ি কিনেছি।
  ami amar bondhuder jonYo aToTa shaRi kinechhi. 
 I will see you after nine months.  আমি নয়েটা মাস পরে তোমাকে দেখব।
  ami noyeTa mas pore tOmake dekhobo. 
 I have ten fingers in my hands.  আমার হাতে দশটা আঙুল আছে।
  amar hate doshoTa aNgul achhe. 
 I saw many people buying many saris in the shop.  আমি দোকানে অনেকজন লোক দেখলাম শারিগুলো কিনছে।
  ami dOkane onekojon lOk dekholam sharigulO kinochhe. 

Names of Relatives in Bangla

Family is very important to Bengalis. Large families often lived together, with many generations under one roof. Often, a young man would marry and he and his bride would continue to live in the family homestead. Such families were called "Joint families". This is becoming much less common with young people moving away to college and jobs, especially in the urban areas, forming what in Western cultures is known as the Nuclear family.

There is no Bangla word for cousin. All cousins are called brothers or sisters with an adjective (like "paternal uncle's son") as in ও আমার মামাতো ভাই O amar mamatO bhai to describe a cousin who is your maternal uncle's son.

In Western cultures, a father's brother or mother's brother is an uncle, and a father's sister or mother's sister is an aunt. In Bangla, we have different names for siblings of our parents.

It was also considered impolite and disrespectful to use somebody's name when talking to them directly, especially one' husband or older relative. It is common to hear a wife call her husband ওগো, আমার কাছে আসবে? OgO, amar kachhe asobe? to ask her husband to come near her.

In a large family, each brother or sister was given a "placeholder" name for them to be referred to by their younger siblings. The most common were বড়দা, মেজদা, ছোড়দা boRoda, mejoda, chhORoda for the eldest, middle and youngest brother and the corresponding বড়দি, মেজদি, ছোড়দি boRodi, mejodi, chhORodi for sisters.

For the sake of completeness, I should mention that remarriages did take place usually by men whose wife had died. The prefix সৎ- sot^- means "step" in English. So you could derive a whole set of words like সৎমা, সৎবাবা, সৎদাদা, সৎভাই, সৎদিদি, সৎবোন, সৎমেয়ে, সৎছেলে sot^ma, sot^baba, sot^dada, sot^bhai, sot^didi, sot^bOn, sot^meye, sot^chhele to mean "stepmother, stepfather, stepbrother, stepbrother, stepsister, stepsister, stepdaughter and stepson" respectively.

The words for relatives' names as commonly used in West Bengal are summarized by generational markers in the list below. In Bangladesh, a few of the words are different, like abba for father and chacha for paternal uncle, but the basic pattern of naming is similar. For simplicity, I have not included Bangladesh variations in this list.

Grandparents

EnglishBangla
 maternal grandfather  দাদু 
dadu 
 maternal grandmother  দিদিমা 
didima 
 paternal grandfather  ঠাকুরদাদা 
Thakurodada 
 paternal grandmother  ঠাকুরমা 
Thakuroma 
 grandfather-in-law  দাদাশ্বশুর 
dadu 
 grandmother-in-law  দিদিশাশুরি 
didima 

Parents

EnglishBangla
 mother  মা 
ma 
 father  বাবা 
baba 
 father-in-law  শ্বশুর 
shwoshur 
 mother-in-law  শাশুরি 
shashuri 

Parents' Siblings

EnglishBangla
 maternal uncle  মামা 
mama 
 maternal aunt  মাসি 
masi 
 wife of maternal uncle  মামিমা 
mamima 
 husband of maternal aunt  মেসো 
mesO 
 paternal uncle(older than father)  জেঠা 
jeTha 
 paternal uncle(younger than father)  কাকা 
kaka 
 paternal aunt  পিসি 
pisi 
 wife of paternal uncle(older)  জেঠিমা 
jethima 
 wife of paternal uncle(younger)  কাকিমা 
kakima 
 husband of paternal aunt  পিসে 
pise 

Us-current generation

EnglishBangla
 husband  স্বামী 
swamI 
 husband  বর 
bor 
 wife  স্ত্রী 
strI 
 wife  বউ 
bou 

Siblings

EnglishBangla
 elder brother  দাদা 
dada 
 younger brother  ভাই 
bhai 
 elder sister  দিদি 
didi 
 younger sister  বোন 
bOn 
 wife of elder brother  বউদি 
boudi 
 wife of younger brother  ভাইবউ 
bhaibou 
 husband of sister  ভগিনীপতি 
bhoginIpoti 

Siblings-in-law

EnglishBangla
 brother of husband  ঠাকুরপো 
ThakuropO 
 sister of husband  ঠাকুরঝি 
Thakurojhi 
 brother of wife  শালা 
shala 
 sister of wife  শালি 
shali 

Cousins

EnglishBangla
 children of jeTha  জেঠতুতো দাদা/ভাই/দিদি/বোন 
jeThotutO dada/bhai/didi/bOn 
 children of kaka  খুড়তুতো দাদা/ভাই/দিদি/বোন 
khuRotutO dada/bhai/didi/bOn 
 children of pisi  পিসতুতো দাদা/ভাই/দিদি/বোন 
pisotuTo dada/bhai/didi/bOn 
 children of mama  মামাতো দাদা/ভাই/দিদি/বোন 
mamatO dada/bhai/didi/bOn 
 children of mashi  মাসতুতো দাদা/ভাই/দিদি/বোন 
masotutO dada/bhai/didi/bOn 

Children

EnglishBangla
 daughter  মেয়ে 
meye 
 son  ছেলে 
chhele 
 daughter-in-law  বউমা 
bouma 
 son-in-law  জামাই 
jamai 

Grandchildren

EnglishBangla
 granddaughter  নাতনি 
natoni 
 grandson  নাতি 
nati 
 husband of granddaughter  নাতজামাই 
natojamai 
 wife of grandson   নাতবউ 
natobou