More Pronouns - Words Replacing Nouns
We have studied two Rules about Subject and Object Phrases.
The Minimal Subject/Object Rule
A minimal Subject or Object is made up of a Noun with an optional Determiner.
A Pronoun can replace a Noun in a Subject or Object Phrase
In this Chapter we will add some more Pronouns to your Vocabulary.
Pronouns have some important characteristics.
Unlike English, there are no gender forms in Bangla usage, so there is no distinction between "him" and "her".
- Singular and Plural
Pronouns have a singular or plural form. This is similar to English where a distinction is made when you say "I went home" compared to "We went home".
- Use in Subject or Object Phrase
Pronouns take slightly different forms based on whether they are used
in the "Subject" of the sentence or the "Object".
For example, in English, you would say "I went home" and
"The dog bit me" although you are referring to the same entity.
The most common Pronouns are shown below.
Pronouns-Singular in a Subject Phrase
| I || আমি |
| you || তুমি |
| he/she || ও |
| it || ওটা |
Pronouns-Singular in an Object Phrase
| me || আমাকে |
| you || তোমাকে |
| him/her || ওকে |
| that || ওটাকে |
Pronouns-Plural in a Subject Phrase
| we || আমরা |
| you || তোমরা |
| they || ওরা |
| it || ওগুলো |
Pronouns-Plural in an Object Phrase
| us || আমাদের |
| you || তোমাদের |
| them || ওদের |
| that || ওগুলোকে |
Here are some sentences that use the different Pronouns shown above.
| I will go home || আমি বাড়ি যাব|
ami baRi Jabo
| You will go home || তুমি বাড়ি যাবে|
tumi baRi Jabe
| We will go home || আমরা বাড়ি যাব|
amora baRi Jabo
| She will go home || ও বাড়ি যাবে|
O baRi Jabe
| They will go home || ওরা বাড়ি যাবে|
Ora baRi Jabe
| She will give a sari to me || ও আমাকে শাড়ি দেবে|
O amake shaRi debe
| I will give a sari to you || আমি তোমাকে শাড়ি দেব|
ami tOmake shaRi debo
| I gave them things || আমি ওদের জিনিস দিয়েছি|
ami Oder jinis diyechhi