Javascript:No
supriyosen.net
Login/Registration Panel
Please or Register


Help for Registration and Login

Derivatives of Words implemented with Suffixes added to Nouns and Pronouns

A Noun is the name of a person, place or thing. Many words are formed from the root Noun (or Pronoun) by adding suffixes. Derived Words are usually not shown in a standard dictionary, so you may not be able to search for these words. Derived words are categorized into the following forms:
  1. Definitive, suffix 'টা'(-Ta) or 'গুলো'(-gulO)
  2. Measure Words, suffix বার (-bar) etc.
  3. Genitive, suffix 'র' (-r) or 'ে'.'র' (-er)
  4. Locative, suffix 'ে' (-e) or 'তে' (-te)
  5. Objective, suffix 'কে'(-ke)
  6. Conjunctive, suffix 'ও' (-O)
  7. Exclusive, suffix 'ই' (-i)
Each category is discussed in greater detail and examples of usage of the word are shown.

✓Definitive - Singular or Plural

The definitive "the" (also called a determiner) is implemented with a suffix 'টা'(-Ta) for singular and 'গুলো'(gulO) for plural.
We will use the Noun Tree -> গাছ(gachh) to show a sample sentence.
Singular The Tree -> 'গাছ'+'টা' or গাছটা('gachh'+'Ta' or gachhTa)
Plural The Trees -> 'গাছ'+'গুলো' or গাছগুলো('gachh'+'gulO' or gachhgulO).
A more respectful version of Ta and gulO are 'টি'('Ti') and 'গুলি'('guli'). So if you wanted to refer to a little girl or a group of girls, you would say
The girl -> 'মেয়ে'+'টি' or মেয়েটি ('meye'+'Ti' or meyeTi)
The girls -> 'মেয়ে'+'গুলি' or মেয়েগুলি ('meye'+'guli' or meyeguli).

✓Measure Words - A Collection of Objects

When you refer to a number of objects, the name given to the number in a collection is a measure word (MW). You will note that this is an extension to the Definitive form, but with a higher precision in the number of objects it covers.
A collection is implemented as a suffix to the Measure Word, a few examples are shown below.
SuffixUsage
টা(+Ta) the flower => ফুলটা(phuloTa)
টি(+Ti) the boy => ছেলেটি(chheleTi)
বার(+bar) one-time => একবার(ekobar)
দল(+dol) two parties => দুইদল(duidol)
দিন(+din) three days => তিনদিন(tinodin)
তলা(+tola) four stories(floors) => চারতলা(char+tola)
ঘন্টা(+ghonTa) five hours => পাঁচঘন্টা(pan^ch+ghonTa)
খানা(+khana) six pieces => ছয়খানা(chhoy+khana)
মাস(+mas) seven months => সাতমাস(sat+mas)
জন(+jon) eight people => আটজন(aT+jon)

✓Genitive - the Possessive case of a Noun or Pronoun

The Possessive case of a Noun or Pronoun is implemented by adding a suffix 'র' (+r) to the Noun or Pronoun. If the last letter in the Noun or Pronoun is not a vowel, then the suffix 'ে'.'র' (+er) is used instead.
So you would describe the leaves on the tree by saying
Tree's Leaves => গাছের পাতা (gachher pata)
since Tree -> গাছ (gachh) and Leaves -> পাতা (pata).

✓Locative - a Preposition indicating location

This is a preposition formed with a Noun+suffix. To indicate a location e.g. on the tree, simply add a suffix 'ে' (e) to the noun.
on the tree => গাছে(gachhe)
could be used in a sentence like
birds live on the tree -> গাছে পাখি থাকে(gachhe pakhi thake)

If the last letter in the Noun is a vowel, the suffix 'তে' +te is used instead. So you would say
at home -> বাড়িতে(baRite)
since the word বাড়ি ends with a vowel.
If you use a Proper Noun, the suffixes 'ে' or 'য়ে' '+e or +ye are used. So, লন্ডনে, কলকাতায়ে (lonDone, kolokataye) are used in sentences like
I will go to Kolkata and London
আমি কলকাতায়ে আর লন্ডনে যাব
(ami kolokataye ar lonDone Jabo)

✓Objective - when Noun or Pronoun is used in the Object Phrase

A Suffix of 'কে'(-ke) is used to indicate that a Noun is being used in the Object Phrase. See the following sentence construction to see the word "Brother" in the Subject and Object Phrases, respectively.
My brother came home.I saw my brother after a long time.
আমার দাদা বাড়িতে এসেছে।আমি দাদাকে অনেক দিন পরে দেখলাম।
amar dada baRite esechhe.ami dadake onek din pore dekholam.

✓Conjunctive - Inclusive form of Noun or Pronoun

This form is used when the Noun or Pronoun is inclusive, like "also" or "too" in English. Suffix 'ও' (O) is added to the Noun or Pronoun. For example,
I, too, will come with you.
আমিও তোমার সাথে যাবো।
amiO tOmar sathe JabO.
The flower is drying up too.
ফুলটাও শুকিয়ে যাচ্ছে।
phuloTaO shukiye Jachchhe.

✓Exclusive - Exclusive form of Noun or Pronoun

This form is used when the Noun or Pronoun is exclusive, like "only" or "alone" in English. Suffix 'ই' (i) is added to the Noun or Pronoun. For example,
I, alone, can save the country!
শুধু আমিই দেশকে বাঁচাতে পারি !
shudhu amii deshoke ban^chate pari !
He only wanted the watch.
ও শুধু ঘড়িটাই চেয়েছিলো।
O shudhu ghoRiTai cheyechhilO.