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Verb Conjugations in Bangla

Verb - a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence. For example, work, learn, eat

Verbs are a necessary part of any sentence. Your Vocabulary of Verbs will let you describe any action with more precision.

Bangla Verbs are "conjugated" (modified) based on Person (first, second or third) and Tense (past, present and future) in which they are used.

Grammarians categorize the three Tenses (Past, Present and Future) as described below. There are 4 forms of Past tense, 3 forms of Present tense and 1 form of Future tense, for a total of 8 forms.

I will use the verb "want" which is চাওয়া chaOya in Bangla, to give examples of The first Person forms of conjugation.

Past TensePresent TenseFuture Tense

SIMPLE

The simple past tense in Bangla is generally used for actions or events occurring in the recent past.
  • I wanted
  • আমি চাইলাম ami chailam

SIMPLE

The simple present tense in Bangla is generally used for actions that are just occurring.
  • I want
  • আমি চাই ami chai

 

Only one form of future tense is used in Bangla.
  • I will want
  • আমি চাইব ami chaibo

CONTINUOUS

The continuous past tense in Bangla is used for actions and events that had occurred.
  • I was wanting
  • আমি চাচ্ছিলাম ami chachchhilam

CONTINUOUS

Present continuous tense is used for actions in progress.
  • I am wanting
  • আমি চাচ্ছি ami chachchhi
 

PERFECT

The past perfect tense is used to express any past action or event at a particular time, where the exact time is not significant. (Simple past is used for actions that have happened in the very recent past.) It is equivalent to the past perfect tense in English.
  • I wanted
  • আমি চেয়েছিলাম ami cheyechhilam

PERFECT

Present perfect is used to express a current action.
  • I have wanted
  • আমি চেয়েছি ami cheyechhi
 

HABITUAL PAST

To express past actions or events that happened habitually or regularly.
  • I used to want
  • আমি চাইতাম ami chaitam
   
 
The complete table of 24 conjugations are shown below. You can get the conjugations for any selected verb using the
Verb Conjugation Wizard,

 

The Verb Conjugation Patterns are shown below for the Verb চাওয়া chaOya which is want in English.

chaOwa

Remembering Verb Conjugations

As you have seen, each Verb you learn has its root form (eg English:want, Bangla:চাওয়া, Phonetic:chaOya ) and 24 other variants. So for every 100 verbs you learn, there are potentially 2,500 words you have to remember. This may appear a little overwhelming, but there is some good news. Bangla verb conjugations have a very consistent pattern. By looking at the pattern of the root verb, I have encoded these rules in software.

If you look at the list above, you will see the following patterns.

  • In the First Person
    • The Past Continuous Tense ends with the "-ছিলাম" ("-chhilam") sound
    • The Present Continuous Tense ends with the "-ছি" ("-chhi") sound
    • The Future Tense ends with the "-ব" ("-bo") sound
  • In the Second Person
    • The Past Continuous Tense ends with the "-ছিলে" ("-chhile") sound
    • The Present Continuous Tense ends with the "-ছ" ("-chho") sound
    • The Future Tense ends with the "-বে" ("-be") sound
  • In the Third Person
    • The Past Continuous Tense ends with the "-ছিল" ("-chhilo") sound
    • The Present Continuous Tense ends with the "-ছে" ("-chhe") sound
    • The Future Tense ends with the "-বে" ("-be") sound
    If you use flashcards to memorize verb conjugations, I suggest you learn by using a subset like Past Continuous, Present Continuous, Future. As you become comfortable with these endings, add the others.

    Using the Verb Conjugation Wizard

    I have codified and put the rules for verb conjugations into software on the site. This makes it possible to use the Verb Conjugation Wizard to learn all the conjugations for any given verb. To make sure that you can form a complete sentence from the conjugated verbs, a sample sentence has been provided.

    When you run the Verb Conjugation Wizard, you are shown a set of verbs that have been preprogrammed in the software. To make it easier to locate the right verb, the verbs are categorized by category. The top part of the screen looks like this:

    topofscreen

    Select any verb by clicking on the "Conjug ..." button next to it.

    Let's say you clicked on "read". The Verb Conjugations will be presented in a window on the right of the Verb List. There are two parts, The first part is the Verb Conjugations. The second part contains a sample sentence using the conjugated forms of the verb. A partial list would look like this.

    read

    I hope that this post will encourage you to learn more verbs. Many of the obstacles should be overcome if you use the Verb Conjugation Wizard. The sample sentences will guide you as you make sentences by yourself. And you will be taking a giant step forward in learning to communicate in Bangla.