Compound Verbs

In the Sanskrit-based languages, including Bangla, compound verbs (CV) sequences are formed when two verbs (V1 and V2) are present. The Bangla CV sequence is a two-member construction in which
  1. the first member (V1) chooses between the third-person, simple past tense, conjunctive participial form (-e) and third-person, habitual past tense, infinitive form (-te) and
  2. the second member (V2) bears the inflection caused by the Subject of the sentence.

The -e ending of V1 is used in this example.

Verb 1Verb 2Compound Verb
ওড়া -> উড়ে
ORa -> uRe
V1=fly
যাওয়া -> গেল
JaOya -> gelo
V2=to go
উড়ে গেল
uRe gelo
CV=flew away




পাখিটা উড়ে গেল
pakhiTa uRe gelo
The bird flew away

The -te ending of V1 is used in this example.

Verb 1Verb 2Compound Verb
ঘুমানো -> ঘুমাতে
ghumanO -> ghumate
V1=sleep
যাওয়া -> গেল
JaOya -> gelo
V2=to go
ঘুমাতে গেল
ghumate gelo
CV=went off to sleep, retired to sleep




ছেলেটি ঘুমাতে গেল
chheleTi ghumate gelo
The boy went off to sleep

The following rules apply to compound verbs (CV)