Choosing a Password
Your password should ideally be more than 7 characters long as longer passwords are more secure. It is highly recommended that you choose an unique password for each site that you go to. Some people choose a phrase like "WhereTheMindIsWithoutFear" (a famous Tagore poem) so that they can easily remember their password. In the Welcome email, only the first and last two characters are shown for security reasons.
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Each user needs to set up an unique identity on the system. Since we want to make sure that we can easily communicate with users, we have chosen an user's Email ID as the most practical and useful unique ID. The user's Name (separated as First Name and Last Name) is useful when communicating with them. Finally, we want to save the geographical location of a user to be sensitive to their time zone when communicating by phone or streaming video that may be useful for the learning process.
Please register by filling in the Registration form. Make sure that the email ID you enter is easily accessible to you. All system communications will be sent to this email. If an invalid email is entered, the registration will be immediately deleted.
The password should be more than 8 characters. Longer passwords are more secure. It is highly recommended that you choose an unique password for each site that you visit. Some people choose a phrase like "WhereTheMindIsWithoutFear" (a famous Tagore poem) so that they can easily remember their password. The password is not displayed on any online screen. In the Welcome email, only the first and last two characters are shown for security reasons. If you forget the password, you will have to register again, and all your usage history will be lost.
After successful registration, an email will be sent to you with
Subject: Welcome to supriyosen.net to acknowledge
successful registration, document your Profile and to provide a guide to the various capabilities of the site. Please save this email to remember your credentials. A database record is created on the supriyosen.net server to identify you for subsequent visits.
A registered user can use multiple devices and only needs to login from each device as necessary. For example, I use an iMac, an iPad, and an iPhone. For testing, I also have set up a Windows 10 and a Linux Ubuntu 14 under VirtualBox, an App that runs under Mac OS. Only one registration is required.
Since Registration sets up your profile, you should Register again if you want to change your Password, Name or Location. If you want to change your Email ID, you need to register as a new user. The history of your activities can be manually coordinated by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The registration record on the server will be removed after six months of inactivity or on your emailed request. Registered users will get an activity status report by email twice a month.
For your convenience, the system has been designed to remember your Login credentials on any computer, tablet or smartphone for 90 days from your last visit. If you are a frequent visitor, you can expect to be "auto logged-in" and go directly to the site,
Browser settings on some computers may restricts how long login credentials will be remembered. Public computers like the local Library or Internet Cafes usually reset every day. In these cases, the auto-login will not be effective and you will have to Login every time.
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As you learn new Bangla words, you want to make sure that
You are pronouncing the Bangla letters properly
You can break down the word into units called syllables
You are stressing the correct syllables as you speak the word
We will look at each of these in this discussion.
Pronouncing Bangla Letters of the Alphabet
As you have seen in Learn the Bangla Alphabet, Bangla has 11 Vowels (with 10 vowel diacritics), 35 Consonants and 4 Consonant Signs.
On this site, I have used the suborNo Phonetic Transliteration to represent the phonetic sounds of the letters of the alphabet. The following rules are used when two or more letters appear in sequence.
All Consonants have an inherent "o" sound. For example, the letter 'ক' sounds like ko by itself.
A Consonant sound can be modified by adding a Vowel diacritic. For example, if you add the vowel diacritic for Vowel 'ই' which is 'ি', then you get কি which sounds like ki. Note that the Vowel 'অ' does not have a diacritic form.
When 2 Consonants occur in sequence, a Compound Consonant is formed. In Unicode, the internal representation is 2 Consonants with a hosonto ('্') between them. So the Compound Consonant 'ন'+'্'+'দ'=ন্দ which is seen in the word আনন্দanondo, the Bangla word for joy.
One Consonant, 'য়'y called ontesto-awe, is called a semi-vowel. It can replace a Vowel in forming Syllables.
Consonant Signs cannot have Vowel diacritics attached to them, nor can they be combined with other Consonants to form Compound Consonants
A Syllable is defined as:
a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants, forming the whole or a part of a word; e.g., there are two syllables in wa-ter and three in in-fer-no .
ORIGIN late Middle English: from an Anglo-Norman French alteration of Old French sillabe, via Latin from Greek sullabē, from sun- ‘together’ + lambanein ‘take.’
In Bangla, the following rules are adhered to:
A Vowel can form a syllable on its own
Consonants need an accompanying Vowel or Vowel diacritic to form a syllable
Syllable forms (V=Vowel/Vowel Diacritic,C=Consonant,Y=Consonant 'য়',X=Joiner hosonto)
Vowel Syllables - V, VC, VY
Consonant Syllables - CV, CVC, CVY, CCVC
Compound Consonants - CXCV,CXCVC (slightly different when they are in the middle of a word)
Syllables starting with Vowels
Syllables starting with Consonants
Compound Consonants at beginning of word
Compound consonants in the middle of a word
শান্তিshantipeace(n.) - Second letter
of Compound Consonant will begin a linked syllable as in shan-ti
It would be very tedious to try to parse every word in your vocabulary into syllables. All these rules have been codified in the Pronunciation Wizard in the Learn Bangla section of this site.
Which Syllables Are To Be Stressed?
Bangla word pronunciation is "Trochaic".
A trochee or choree, choreus, is a metrical foot used in formal poetry consisting of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one. Trochee comes from the Greek τροχός, trokhós, wheel, and choree from χορός, khorós, dance; both convey the "rolling" rhythm of this metrical foot.
The primary stress falls on the initial syllable of the word, while secondary stress often falls on all odd-numbered syllables thereafter. Long words in Bangla (usually compound words) are pronounced by stressing the odd syllables. Some examples are given below.
All these rules and more have been incorporated into Pronunciation Wizard. You can enter a block of Bangla text into the blue box on the left and click on the "Bangla to English Pronunciation" button. Some samples are provided for you to try it out.
if you entered the Bangla Text,
you will see English Pronunciation.
গগনে গরজে মেঘ, ঘন বরষা।
go‧go‧ne go‧ro‧je megh, ghono bo‧ro‧Sha.
কূলে একা বসে আছি, নাহি ভরসা।
kU‧le eka bo‧se achhi, na‧hi bho‧ro‧sa.
রাশি রাশি ভারা ভারা
ra‧shi ra‧shi bha‧ra bha‧ra
ধান কাটা হল সারা,
dhan ka‧Ta hol sa‧ra,
ভরা নদী ক্ষুরধারা
bho‧ra no‧dI kShuro‧dha‧ra
কাটিতে কাটিতে ধান এল বরষা।
ka‧Ti‧te ka‧Ti‧te dhan el bo‧ro‧Sha.
With the knowledge that we stress the initial and every odd-numbered syllable, it should give you more confidence in pronouncing Bangla words, especially the confusing long words.